MP Board Class 8th General English Solutions Lesson 14 – Azad: The Martyr

Word Meanings

Receive (रिसीव) – पाना; Ardent (आर्डेन्ट) – प्रबल, तीव्र; Followers (फॉलोअर्स) – शिष्य, अनुयायी; Disguised (डिज़गाइज़्ड) – छद्म वेश; Betray (बिट्रे) – धोखा देना, विश्वासघात करना; Escape (ऐस्केप) – बचाव; भाग – निकलना; Priest (प्रीस्ट) – पुजारी; Clutches (क्लचिस) – पकड़, चंगुल; Valiantly (वैलिअन्टली) – बहादुरी से; Provoke (प्रोवोक) – उकसाना, भड़काना; Pledge (प्लेज) – प्रतिज्ञा, वचन; Mentor (मेन्टर) – परामर्शदाता; Memorial (मेमोरियल) – यादगार, स्मारक; Flog (फ्लॉग)-कोड़े, लगाना; Claim (क्लेम) – दावा करना; Fierce (फिअर्स) – भयानक; Patriotism (पेट्रीऑटिज्म) – देशभक्ति; Revolutionary (रेवॉल्यूशनरी) – क्रान्तिकारी; Avenge (अवेन्ज) – बदला लेना; Involve (इनवॉल्व) – शामिल होना; Massacre (मेसैकर) – जनसंहार; Inspire (इन्सपायर) – प्रेरणा देना; Aggressive (अग्रेसिव) आक्रामक; Homage (होमेज) – श्रद्धांजलि; Capture (कैप्चर) – पकड़ना; Favorite (फेवरिट) – मनपसन्द।

Word Power (शब्द सामर्थ्य):

A. The letters in the following words are jumbled. Rearrange them to make meaningful words:
(निम्नलिखित शब्दों के अक्षरों को अस्त-व्यस्त कर दिया गया है। उन्हें अर्थपूर्ण शब्द बनाने के लिये पुनः व्यवस्थित करें:)

Answer :

B. Make antonyms of the following words by using the prefix ‘dis’:
(उपसर्ग लगकर नम्नलिखित शब्दो के विलोम लिखें:)

  1. appoint
  2. courage
  3. appear
  4. able
  5. agree
  6. comfort
  7. connect

Answer:

  1. disappoint
  2. discourage
  3. disappear
  4. disable
  5. disagree
  6. discomfort
  7. disconnect.

Now complete the following sentences using the correct form of the words from the box:
(अब बॉक्स में से शब्दों के सही रूप लेकर निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को पूरा करोः)

  1. His father ……….. to his joining politics.
  2. The mice ……. as soon as they saw the cat.
  3. Meghna was ……. to see her marks in English.
  4. He was …….. after the car accident.
  5. They ………….. the phone because people were misusing it.
  6. One should not …….. the children.
  7. Although he comes from a royal family, he put up with all the ………।

Answer:

  1. disaggreed
  2. disappeared
  3. diappointed,
  4. disabled
  5. disconnected
  6. discourage
  7. discomfort.

C. Use the following pair of words in sentences to show the difference in their meanings as given in the example:
(उदाहरण में दिये के अनुसार निम्नलिखित शब्दों के जोड़ों को उनके अर्थों में भिन्नता दिखाने के लिए वाक्यों में प्रयोग करें:)

1. Sun – The sun sets in the west.
Son-I have one son.

2. New – My pink dress is new.
Knew – Ram knew my address.

3. Wait – Please wait for a minute.
Weight – My weight is 40 kg.

4. See – We all see with our eyes.
Sea – The sea water is salty.

5. Pray – We should all pray to God.
Prey – The lion was killing its prey.

6. Hear – We hear with our ears.
Here Please come here.

7. Hair – I have short hair.
HareHare is a swift animal.

Comprehension (बोध प्रश्न):

Question 1.      
When and where was Chandra Shekhar born ?
चन्द्रशेखर का जन्म कब और कहाँ हुआ था ?
Answer:
Chandra Shekhar was born on 23rd July, 1906 in village Bhabra in Jhabua district.
चन्द्रशेखर का जन्म 23 जुलाई, 1906 को भाबरा गाँव, जिला झाबुआ में हुआ था।

Question 2.
Where did he receive his early education ?
उन्होंने अपनी प्राथमिक शिक्षा कहाँ प्राप्त की।
Answer:
He received his early education in Bhabra.
उन्होंने अपनी प्राथमिक शिक्षा भाबरा में प्राप्त की।

Question 3.
In 1920-21 which movement attracted Chandra Shekhar ?
सन् 1920-21 में चन्द्र शेखर को किस आन्दोलन ने आकर्षित किया ?
Answer:
He was attracted by the non-cooperation movement of 1920-21 under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.
वो महात्मा गाँधी के नेतृत्व में होने वाली, नॉन-कोऑपरेशन मूवमेन्ट जो 1920-21 में हुई, से आकर्षित हुए।

Question 4.
One of Chandra Shekhar’s statement provoked the magistrate. What was that statement ?
चन्द्र शेखर के एक कथन ने मजिस्ट्रेट को भड़का दिया था। वह कथन क्या था ?
Answer:
He gave his name as ‘Azad’, his father’s name as ‘Swatantra, and his residence as ‘Prison’. This provoked the magistrate.
उन्होंने अपना नाम ‘आज़ाद’ बताया, अपने पिता का नाम ‘स्वतन्त्र’ व घर ‘जेल’ बताया। इससे मजिस्ट्रेट भड़क गए।

Question 5.
Why was British police able to surround him?
ब्रिटिश पुलिस उनको चारों ओर से घेरने में क्यों समर्थ थी ?
Answer:
On February 27, 1931 Chandra Shekar Azad met two of his comrades at Alfred Park in Allahabad. He was betrayed by an informer to British Police. So he was surrounded by British Police.
27 फरवरी, 1931 को चन्द्रशेखर आजाद इलाहाबाद के अल्फ्रेड पार्क में अपने दो साथियों से मिले। किसी एक मुखबिर ने ब्रिटिश पुलिस को सूचना देकर उनके साथ विश्वासघात कर दिया। अतः वह ब्रिटिश पुलिस द्वारा घेर लिये गये।

Question 6.
How did Chandra Shekhar prove his name Azad ?
चन्द्रशेखर ने अपना नाम आज़ाद कैसे सिद्ध किया ?
Answer:
Once he was surrounded by police in a park. He didn’t surrender but shot himself. Thus he proved his name Azad by not being caught alive.
एक बार पुलिस ने एक पार्क में उन्हें घेर लिया था। उन्होंने समर्पण नहीं किया, पर स्वयं को गोली मार ली। इस तरह उन्होंने जिन्दा न पकड़े जाने से अपना नाम आजाद सिद्ध कर दिया।

Let’s Learn (आओ याद करें):

You meet Manju and she tells you about her grandmother. Now tell your friend Anil what Manuja told you.
(तुम मंजू से मिलती हो और वह अपनी दादी के बारे में तुम्हें बताती है। अब अपने मित्र अनिल को जो अंजू ने कहा, बताओ।)
Answer:

  1. She told that her grandmother was widely travelled.
  2. She told that her grandmother had recently bought a new dress.
  3. She told that her grandmother had written number of books.
  4. She told that her grandmother was very interesting company.
  5. She told that her grandmother had recently broken her left foot.

Let’s Talk (आओ बात करें):

The timetable for class VIII is given below. Use the information given in the timetable to complete the conversation between Abdul and Meena. (Work in Pairs)

Abdul : Hellow, Meena ! When did you come back ? (I had a lovely time. It was a long journey to Kolkata.)
Meena : Hello, Abdul ! Glad to see you. I came back yesterday. My journey was enjoyable. I was in Delhi for 2 weeks.
Abdul : Now you have to study again according to your timetable. Have you seen it ?
Meena : Yes’ have you seen it ?
Abdul: No, that’s why I want to know something about it.
Abdul : Who teaches us EVS?
Meena : Mr. R. Khan teaches us EVS.
Abdul : How long is the lunch break ?
Meena : The Lunch break is 35 minutes long.
Abdul : When does the science class begin ?
Meena : The science class begins at 2:30 p.m.
Abdul : In which period do we have sports ?
Meena : We have sports in 7th period.
Abdul : What does Mr. Mathew teach ?
Meena : Mr. Mathew teaches us Maths.
Abdul : What is taught in the fifth period ?
Meena : Sanskrit is taught in the fifth period.
Abdul : At what time does the school close ?
Meena : Our school closes at 3.40 p.m.

Let’s Read (आओ पढ़ें):

Read the given passage carefully:
Now answer the following questions:
(दिये गये गद्यांश को पढ़ें। अब निम्नलिखित प्रश्नों के उत्तर दें।
(A) Say whether the following statements are true or false.

  1. Bhagat Singh’s name echoed all over the country.
  2. His name did not inspire the youth of India.

Answer:

  1. True
  2. False.

(B)

1. “Bhagat Singh became a symbol of freedom.” Who said this?
Answer:
Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru said this.

2.. Arrange the following words in an alphabetical order
Answer:
amazing, brought, hero, symbol.

3. Supply a suitable title to the passage.
Answer:
Suitable title to the passage is –
“Bhagat Singh : A Real Hero.”

Let’s Write (आओ लिखो):

Write a paragraph about Chandra Shekhar Azad by putting the given sentences in the correct order:
(दिये गये वाक्यों को सही क्रम में रखकर चन्द्रशेखर आजाद के बारे में एक पैराग्राफ लिखोः)

Answer:
Chandra Shekhar was born in village Bhabra in Jhåbua district. For higher education he went to Sanskrit Pathshala at Varanasi. As a revolutionary, he adopted the surname ‘Azad’. He was deeply hurt by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar in 1919. A special award will be presented at Balidan Diwas.

Let’s do it (आओ इसे करें):

(1) Collect the pictures of any five patriotic leaders. Paste them in your notebook and write five sentences on each:
(किन्हीं पाँच देशभक्त नेताओं के चित्र एकत्रित करो। उन्हें अपनी नोट-बुक में चिपकाओ और प्रत्येक पर पाँच वाक्य लिखोः)

(2) Class game/Activity
Divide the class into two teams. The first team mentions three things about a person, an object or a thing that everybody known is the class. The other team guesses who the person or what the object or thing is. One example has been given.
(कक्षा खेल/क्रिया कलाप)
(कक्षा को दो टीमों में बाँट दो। पहली टीम एक व्यक्ति, एक उद्देश्य या वस्तु के बारे में तीन बात बताती है जो कक्षा में सभी जानते हैं। दूसरी टीम अनुमान लगाती है कि वह व्यक्ति, उद्देश्य या चीज कौन-सी है। एक उदाहरण दिया गया है।)
Answer:
(1) Students can collect the pictures of patriots such as Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar “Azad’, Mahatma Gandhi, Lal Bahadur Shastri and Bal Gangadhar Tilak. They can themselves write five sentences on each
(2) Students can do this in their class themselves.