Lesson 15 : Laxmi Bai, The Queen of Jhansi
Accept(एक्सैप्ट)-स्वीकार करना;Active(एक्टिव) सक्रिय; Adopted son (एडॉप्टेड सन)-दत्तक पुत्र; Advanced (एडवांस्ड्)-बढ़ी; Birth (बर्थ)-जन्म; Bold (बोल्ड)-निर्भीक; Brave (ब्रेव)-वीर, बहादुर; Bravely (ब्रेवली)-वीरतापूर्वक; Breathed her last (ब्रीदड् हर लास्ट)-अंतिम साँस ली; Companion (कम्पैनियन)-साथी; Courageous (करेजियस)-साहसी; Courageously (करेजियसली)-साहसपूर्वक; Close (क्लोज)- घनिष्ठ; Coward (कावर्ड)-कायर; Distressed (डिस्ट्रेस्ड)व्यथित; Empire (एम्पायर)-साम्राज्य; Political (पॉलिटिकल)-राजनीतिक; Event (ईवेन्ट)-घटना; Expand(एक्सपैन्ड)-विस्तार करना;Expire(एक्सपायर)निधन होना; Extremely (एक्सट्रीमली)-अत्यधिक; Fearless (फीयरलैस) निडर; Fort (फोर्ट)-किला; Horse riding (हॉर्स राइडिंग)-घुड़सवारी; In favour of (इन फेवर ऑफ)-पक्ष में; Inside (इन्साइड)-अंदर;Inspired (इन्स्पायर्ड-प्रेरित; Last rites (लास्ट राइट्स) अंतिम संस्कार; Later (लेटर)-बाद; Merger (मर्जर)विलय; Mythical (मिथिकल)-पौराणिक; Naughty (नॉटी)- नटखट; Pass away (पास अवे)-निधन हो जाना; Patriot (पेट्रिअट्)-देशभक्त; Perform (परफॉर्म)पूरा करना; Rear (रीअर)-पालन. पोषण करना; Grew up (ग्रिऊ अप)-बड़ी हुई; Skilled (स्किल्ड)-कुशल; Swordsmanship (स्वॉर्डस्मैनशिप)-तलवारबाजी; Tolerate (टॉटेट)-सहन करना; Touch (टच)-छूना; Declared (डिक्लेअर्ड)-घोषणा की;Towards (टूवर्ड्स)तरफ, ओर; Shock (शॉक)-आघात; Trouble (ट्रब्ल्)मुसीबत; Organised (आर्गनाइज्ड)-संगठित की; Veil (वेल)-पर्दा; War (वॉर)-युद्ध; Wounded (वून्डिड)घायल; Oppose (अपोज)-विरोध करना; Wrestling (रैसलिंग)-कुश्ती।
(A) Answer the following questions :
(अग्र लिखित प्रश्नों के उत्तर दीजिए)
When and where was Manu born ?
Manu was born on 19th November, 1835 in Kashi.
Who was Manu’s father ?
Manu’s father was Moropant Tambe.
Who was she married to ?
She was married to Gangadhar Rao, the king of Jhansi.
Why did the Britishers not accept Damodar Rao as the heir of Gangadhar Rao ?
The Britishers did not accept Damodar Rao as the heir of Gangadhar Rao because he was an adopted son.
What were the last words of Maharani Laxmi Bai?
The last words of Maharani Laxmi Bai were, “Let no Britisher touch my body.”
(B) Some sentences are given below. Arrange them in the order of Rani Laxmi Bai’s life story.
(i) She breathed her last near Gwalior.
(ii) Laxmi Bai adopted a son named Damodar Rao.
(iii) Gangadhar Rao expired.
(iv) Manu was born in Kashi.
(v) She was married to Gangadhar Rao.
(vi) She was reared with Nana Sahab and Tatya Tope.
(iv), (vi), (v), (ii), (iii), (i).
(C) Mark True/False.
(सही गलत पर चिह्न लगाओ) :
- Manu was not brave from childhood.
- Manu was born in Bithoor.
- Gangadhar Rao was the King of Jhansi.
- The Britishers did not accept Damodar as the heir of Gangadhar Rao.
- The last rites of the queen were performed by the Britishers.
Word Power (शब्द समर्थ) :
(A) Given below are some words, look them up in a dictionary and find their meanings.
(कुछ शब्द नीचे दिए गए हैं, उनका अर्थ शब्द-कोष में कोजो)
rear to bring up (पालन – पोषण करना)
accpet to take (something offered) (स्वीकार करना)
merge mix, combine (मिलाना)
archery art of shooting with bow (तीरन्दाजी)
expire to die (मरना)
wrestling a sport in which two persons try to press each other down. (कुश्ती)
perform to do, to fulfil (कार्य करना)
veil a curtain (परदा)
arrow a pointed object made to be shot from a bow (तीर)
skilled expert (कुशल)
(B) Given below are some jumbled letters, rearrange them to form words.
(नीचे कुछ अव्यवस्थित शब्द दिए गए हैं. इन्हें व्यवस्थित कर शब्द बनाओ)
Grammar in Use (व्याकरण प्रयोग) :
(A) List the words from the lesson which show the qualities of the queen :
(पाठ से उन शब्दों की एक सूची बनाओ जो रानी के गुणों को दर्शाते हों।)
beautiful, sharp, intelligent, brave, courageous, naughty, active, skilled in martial arts, horse rider, shooter, patriot, bold, fearless.
(B) Read the following words and make more words by adding ‘ly’.
(निम्नलिखित शब्दों को पढ़ो और ‘ly’ जोड़कर अधिक शब्द बनाओ)
bad – badly
brave – bravely
bold – boldly
intelligent – intelligently
courageous – courageously
close – closely
extreme – extremely
beautiful – beautifully
quick – quickly
fearless – fearlessly
coward – cowardly
Let’s Talk :
(A) What do you know about the following freedom fighters :
1. Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi
2. Sarojini Naidu
(निम्न दिए गए स्वतन्त्रता सेनानियों के बारे में आप क्या जानते हो?)
1. मोहन दस करमचंद गाँधी
2. सरोजिनी नायडु
Discuss with your friend and write five sentences about anyone of them describing their qualities and contribution to the freedom struggle.
(अपने मित्रों से चर्चा करो और इनमें से किसी एक के गुण और स्वतन्त्रता संग्राम में इनके योगदान पर पाँच वाक्य लिखो)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
- Mahatma Gandhi or Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or ‘Bapu’ was a great leader who fought for India’s independence against the British rule.
- He practised non-violence or ahimsa to get freedom and opposed violence.
- He always spoke truth and led a very simple life.
- He always wore Khadi which he spun himself using Charkha.
- He hated untouchability and worked for the upliftment of Harijans and unprivileged.
- Sarojini Naidu was the first Indian woman President of Indian National Congress, 1925.
- She also led the Salt Satyagrah Movement in 1930 with Gandhiji.
- She was also a great poetess and wrote in English.
- She was known as the ‘nightingale of India’.
- She became the first woman Governor of an Indian state (U.P.), in free India.
(B) Find answers to these questions :
(इन प्रश्नों के उत्तर खोजिए)
What is Gandhiji lovingly called by Indians ?
What is Sarojini Naidu called ?
Nightingale of India.
Why is Gandhijis freedom struggle different?
Because he practiced non-violence.
Let’s Write (आओ लिखें) :
Write a paragraph about the qualities of Maharani Laxmi Bai.
(महारानी लक्ष्मी बाई के गुणों पर एक अनुच्छेद लिखिए।)
Maharani Laxmi Bai was the queen of Jhansi. She was brave, courageous and bold from her early childhood. She was skilled in horse riding, shooting, wrestling and all the martial arts and continued to practise them even after her marriage with Gangadhar Rao, the king of Jhansi.
When Britishers declared to merge Jhansi with British empire, after her husband’s death, she opposed it and bravely fought against them not thinking that she was a woman. She was a great patriot. She tied her son to her back and led her army against the British. She fought courageously till her last breath and did not let any Britisher touch her living or dead.
Let’s Do It (आओ इसे करें):
Collect pictures of the patriots of our country.
(हमारे देश के देशभक्तों के चित्रों का संग्रह करो)
Students can collect the pictures of patriots such as Bhagat Singh, Mahat.ma Gandhi, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lal Bahadur Shastri etc.
If there is any historical place near your village/town, visit it along with your teacher and write a note about it.
(यदि आपके गाँव/कस्बे के निकट कोई ऐतिहासिक स्थान हो तो अपने शिक्षक के साथ वहाँ भ्रमण कीजिए और उस पर एक लेख लिखिए।)
Students can visit any historical place nearby and write a note about it themselves.